THE MODERN MINT BLOG
Last week Modern Mint took a little time out to visit David Austin Roses. The English roses they have created were still blooming beautifully, though the staff there insisted that, because of the warm weather this spring, we had missed the VERY BEST of the flowers.
We don’t think so….
This photo is actually of the trial fields, the roses here are part of the breeding program and are being tested as potential new introductions. So look as close as you like, but you won’t be able to name a single one – because they are not yet at a stage where they have a name!
Is David Austin Roses In Shropshire Worth A Visit?
We are so busy at the moment with garden talks, topiary clipping and researching and writing a book about plants for bees, we really didn’t think we could face a 4 and a bit hour trip to Shropshire to spend a day walking around…. but once there, we forgot about work and thoroughly enjoyed it.
It helped that the Head Rosarian, Michael Marriott, was a wonderful host – he is the absolute authority on roses and is genuinely lovely too.
(For those of you who are interested, his favourite roses are ‘Generous Gardener’ and ‘Munstead Wood’, though he admits that one can get a little diseased.)
We also had the pleasure of meeting Sir David Austin himself, who we said hello to as we went poking our noses into his garden. He sat in the sunshine with a cup of tea while we marvelled at the borders, ponds and stilted hedges that define his own patch.
A Few Notes We Made At David Austin Roses
If the place you grow your roses is polluted, blackspot won’t be a problem. (Going to have to add a little commentary to this – if pollution stops black spot, then whatever you normally spray to stop it must be disgusting… a pollutant of epic proportions… so maybe, just maybe, you should steer clear of the chemical sprays and go organic? Just saying!)
When David Austin started selling his roses, roses were the fashionable plant for the UK flower beds. About 60 million roses were sold each year. Nowadays that number is a tad lower – around 5 million are sold each year.
Why were so many roses sold? Because perennials were considered hard work. That attitude changed considerably in the 2000’s with the work of Piet Oudolf and James Van Sweden!
The roses that were sold in such quantities were hybrid teas and floribundas – nothin like David Austin’s English roses. He spent ten years breeding his English roses, this new style, of which he wanted a rose with great fragrance, repeat flowering, graceful manner and a beautiful bloom. The blooms also had to die well! It was particularly hard times selling this new type of rose, until 1983 when Rosa ‘Graham Stuart Thomas’ became the must-have plant at the Chelsea Flower Show.
He started his rose nursery in 1969, and his breeding programme in 1961… so it only took Sir David Austin about 20 years to become an overnight success!
About 300,000 new roses are bred each year, of which half that germinate. The next stage is to decide if they are worthy of further research. This then continues for the next ten years, roses failing each step of the way, until eventually 3 new roses will be named and brought to the market in spring. The cost, financially, of finding these new roses? About £2 million. Quite an investment…
In the photo above, of the roses in the trial field, the roses that might make it are treated badly to see how they stand up to disease – they get no spraying, are planted in a sandy soil, placed close together… if they can withstand and grow well like this, they get further up the line towards being named and sold.
Roses get black spot when they have 6 hours of wet leaves per day, on a warm day. So hope for little rain and bright sunshine to evaporate the water quickly – and don’t leave a sprinkler on at home.
Younger flowers will have a better fragrance.
Rosa ‘Pilgrim’ has a primrose yellow flower and we saw it being grown on a north-facing wall. Looked great.
We also met this chap, wandering around the rose garden….
Now this was an interesting part of the visit to David Austin roses – the species field. It is placed well away from the tea room, gift shop and rose gardens, but well worth crossing the road around the back of the nursery and visiting.
These are the original roses, the wild ones. Think of it like this – all dogs are descended from wolves, whether a German Shepherd or a Chihuahua.
The David Austin Roses are the same – all the lovely English roses, with their repeat flowering and amazing fragrances, are descended from these quite vicious and thorny shrubs stuck in the field at the back. They really are the wolves to the chihuahuas. But SO WORTH A VISIT!
Sweet briar, Rosa Rubiginosa, has the most amazing smell of apples. Just crush a leaf and take a whiff – amazing. All of these species roses should be planted in orchards, they really feel right in the atmosphere created by large fruit trees or young woodlands.
Rosa Virginia is great for autumn colour, while rosa stellata (the gooseberry rose) has a smell of marzipan. Rosa simosa looks like an elderflower leaf. You won’t find it at many nurseries but could well be worth a place in your garden….?
We really were taken by the species roses and will be exploring a little more of them and how they can be used in the garden, in the future. But for now – what makes a David Austin Rose?
The Key To A Great David Austin, English Rose
Is this a beautiful plant?
Not just a beautiful flower, or fragrance…. but a beautiful plant.
Sounds a good way to judge if it is worth a place in the garden, don’t you agree?
Brought By Bike is an excellent website I found last month, where businesses offer their services by (of course) bicycle. Modern Mint and my topiary work is now live on the site offering my topiary services, via bike, to the following two postcodes – CM1 CM2 Now I can imagine I will need to borrow a ladder should anyone have a larger shrub, but most town gardens in the Chelmsford area have a need not just for privacy but to let light into the house… so a balance must be struck when shaping hedges and shrubs to cover both needs. …
Transforming Topiary – a video made for the European Boxwood And Topiary Society by Charlotte Molesworth and I, in her garden. We take a dog topiary and work out how to update it, turning it into a bird. Worth a watch I think, and hopefully useful to you! You can see more of my clipping on the topiary page. Or read my Spring 2021 Topiary Provocation here.
Phillyrea is one of my favourite plants for topiary. I have been using it for quite a few years as a specimen shrub, mostly due to the fact it clips well and has a tough habit – all good characteristics for a topiary plant. It also has a reputation for being an excellent nectar source for bees… Read more about Phillyrea here. Mentioning this to Malcolm Thicke, a market garden historian and writer, he sent me a some photos of topiary and phillyrea mentioned by John Worlidge in Systema Horticulturae from 1682…. incredible! He also mentioned to me that in …